Greek and foreign-language bibliography about the National Resistance in Greece and the Resistance at a European level


During the Third Hellenic Republic, which was established in 1974, the National Resistance during WWII became a major subject of Greek historical studies. Subsequently, in the 1990s, historians, political scientists, and anthropologists started studying the “meta-history” of the Resistance. They focused especially on how and why various social and political groups systematically cultivated historical memory of the Resistance and defined their narratives of it. In this context, the National Resistance emerged as a key theme for interpreting the 1940s and the period’s successive conflicts, while its official/state recognition—and the different and antithetical meanings that this term acquired—represented a key issue that fueled academic and public debate for decades.

The following bibliography, which includes Greek and foreign-language materials, responds to the need to re-map the field, especially the sources. It also seeks to assist both researchers and the general public with their research on issues related to the recognition of the Greek National Resistance and resistance organizations. It also helps scholars and the general public to situate the Greek Resistance within the context of Europe’s history and memory in Europe. The bibliography is not exhaustive; it was created in the context of this research project and emphasizes the questions we posed. The bibliography’s content (historical studies, articles, testimonies, doctoral theses, etc.) relates to the history and memory of the Greek Resistance as well as similar processes that took place throughout Europe. Each bibliographical reference includes keywords (e.g., Occupation, Resistance, Civil War, memory, testimonies, EDES, EAM, Central Macedonia, France, art, trauma, prisons, etc.) in order to facilitate locating the sources.